The winter season comes with a variety of problems, but most can be avoided with the proper knowledge about how your vehicle works, and the different driving techniques.

Employers should ensure that workers are properly trained to inspect certain vehicle systems to verify they are working correctly prior to heading out on a project.

 

Brakes

Confirm that brake fluid is at the proper level. Brakes should provide even and balanced braking.

Cooling System

Make sure that there is a mixture of 50/50 antifreeze and water in the cooling system at the correct level.

Electrical System

Check the ignition system and make sure that the battery is fully charged and that the connections are clean.

Make sure the alternator belt is in good condition with proper tension.

Exhaust System

Check exhaust for leaks and that all clamps and hangers are snug.

Engine & Oil

Inspect all engine systems, and check that the oil is at proper level.

Tires

Check for proper tread depth, signs of damage or uneven wear, and appropriate tire inflation.

Visibility

Inspect all exterior lights, defrosters, and wipers.

*Winter windshield wipers can be installed which have a sturdier frame, anti-clogging shield, and a more robust rubber.


  Cold Weather Driving Uses Specific Knowledge!

 

  • Skidding

For a rear-wheel or all-wheel: Steer into the skid – steer to the same side the back end of the car is sliding towards.

During a front-wheel skid, straighten the steering wheel.

Learn how your brakes react: stomp on antilock brakes, pump non-antilock brakes

If your vehicle has ABS (anti-lock braking system/anti-skid braking system) – Stomp and Steer. Keep your foot down on the brake pedal. It is normal to feel the brake pedal pulsing or fluttering under your foot and making noise.

 

  • Stopping distances are longer on snow, ice, and water-covered ice.

AAA states that the normal dry pavement following distance of 3 to 4 seconds should be increased to 8 to 10 seconds in winter weather.

 

  • Don’t idle for a long time with the windows up or in an enclosed space.

Carbon Monoxide is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that can build up to a dangerous level in gas forklifts, cars, lanterns, fireplaces, and more. Always make sure you have proper ventilation to avoid carbon monoxide poisoning.

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